It is the oldest and most important of the museum Tunisia. More than a century ago, is the first museum established in the place of the palace Beylical, for the most part built in the mid XIXth century, and which has retained all the features of a prince who lived here. It underwent several renovations to adapt to the expanding collection and the ever-increasing flow of visitors, but today it is undergoing a major restructuring plan to improve the visibility and legibility.
Thousands of objects originating from excavations conducted throughout the country during the XIXth and XX centuries are on display. It is divided into departments between fifty or more rooms and galleries, which describes the various stages of the history of Tunisia, from prehistoric times until the middle of the last century, which chronologically is prehistoric, period-Libyic Punic, Roman and early Christian period, the Vandal and Byzantine era and finally, the Islamic period running to contemporary times.
Thanks to the collection of mosaic, Bardo museum has gained an international reputation for the richest, most varied and most refined collections. Among the best bits of holding a representation of Virgil surrounded by muses, or sidewalk Ikarios Dionysos give the gift of the vine, or else celebrating the victory of Neptune, to mention just a few of the key exhibits. But this is not just a museum assets.
Among Bardo main exhibition is “hermaion”, an altar dating to the Mousterian period (-40 000 years) is considered as one of the very beginning of human spiritual expression: a cone-shaped pile 75cm high and 1.50 m wide, consisting of more than 4000 pieces of stone, bone and lime ball.
From the Punic period no extraordinary solid gold armor belonging to a soldier Campanian, jewelry, inscription of a priest to bring a child to sacrifice and a lot of fine funerary furnishings originating from various Mediterranean countries belonging to the collection of Greek and Egyptian museum.
Greek collection was providentially enriched with underwater excavation carried out for 40 off the city of Mahdia, in the vent of a ship that sank during a storm around the first century and was carrying furniture and architectural elements to the Hellenistic era patrician dwelling. Among the works taken from the ocean floor is incredible 1,20m high bronze Agon.
Roman times has provided Bardo with most collections: mosaics, of course, but also sculpture, pottery, jewelry, coins, religious objects, utilitarian objects etc.
Islamic department, housed in the Arab-Islamic setting, wrap objects from various periods, manuscripts, jewelery, stone and wood carvings, utilitarian objects. Two small rooms, around a patio elegant, attaching objects that once belonged to the family rule and a third room contains Jewish religious objects.
The museum building was originally a 19th-century palace Bey, which is located in the suburbs of Tunis.
Bardo is one of the most important museums of the Mediterranean basin and the second in Africa after the Egyptian Museum. It traces the history of Tunisia for several thousand years and through many civilizations through various pieces of archeology. Located in a former palace, it offers many great works discovered since the beginning of archaeological research in this country. Originally called Alaoui Museum. name bey ruled at that time, has had its current name from the Bardo Museum is only since the country’s independence.
In addition to famous works such as Blue Koran from Kairouan, the Blue Qur’an, Islamic Department contains a collection of ceramics from North Africa and Asia Minor.
Bardo brings together one of the best and largest collection of Roman mosaics in the world thanks to the excavations carried out from the beginning of the 20th century at the archaeological site in the country, including Carthage, Hadrumetum, Dougga, or the Utica. Mosaic is a unique source for research on everyday life in Roman Africa. The museum also contains a rich collection of marble statues representing the gods and Roman emperors were found on various websites including from Carthage and Thuburbo Magi.
Bardo also has a rich pieces found during excavation Libyco-Phoenician sites including especially Carthage, although the National Museum of Carthage also has important collections. The main part of this Department grimacing masks, terracotta statues and inscriptions are the main draw for Semitic epigraphy, inscriptions of priests and most famous childrenNone found.